In the second one we simply keep the normal il y a and add est-ce que (literally, “is it that”), which signals that we’re asking a question. ), Il n‘y a pas de mensonges dans cette témoignage. (Is there a hospital or a pharmacy? This is a great chance to practice the expression il y a in a way that you would if you were really traveling abroad. ), Your friend is more concerned with practical matters, and this is a great quality to have in a traveling companion. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Some French language learners get confused with the expression il y a, but it is actually quite different than c’est and il est. Il n‘y a personne là. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. English There are some doubts regarding inclusion of the last sentence in the paragraph. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Beginning a sentence with y… and following it with another vowel sound? This automatically transforms any declaration into a sentence in French. You can also ask a question by popping the prefix est-ce que on the front of a sentence. In fact, when I first read about this phrase my French 1 textbook, I found il y a downright peculiar. Il n'y a pas is always followed by de. Most commonly, it identifies the … The good news for English speakers, or other Roman languages like Italian or Spanish, is that French sentence construction is similar in many ways to your own. The French adverbial pronoun y is so tiny that you might think its role in a sentence is not very important, but, in fact, quite the opposite is true. You have some questions about things to do there so you don't miss what's important to you. can take anywhere. 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Similarly, there’s another, simpler, way of asking a question with il y a: Est-ce qu’il y a…? 49. (There are no sandy beaches in Nice.). 12. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! In this part you will see some basic sentences and some simple dialogue routines that will help you learn and survive in the travel category context. Conditional clauses (les propositions conditionelles) are if-sentences; they express an action that can only take place if a certain condition is met. You'd use est-ce qu' if that sentence begins with a vowel. The French doors were locked, and she beat on them, looking around wildly for deck furniture to break the glass. (Is there a French student in your class?). Create your account, Already registered? You'll notice that each sentence has a subject, a verb, il y a, and then an expression of time. She asks: Il y a un aéroport (uhn ay-roh-pohr) ou une gare de TGV (oon gahr duh tayjayvay)? You can also use it as a form of a friendly greeting or with an expression of time to talk about the past. You'll notice that each sentence has a subject, a verb, il y a, and then an expression of time. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. (Are there beaches like there are in Hawaii?). To say ago in French you must use the word “Il y a”. In English, inversion is used only to ask questions, but in French it has several different purposes. — Il est très difficile de résumer un livre entier en une seule phrase. Remember what I said about French not being too simple? What does il mean in French? There’s no rose without a thorn. There are many ways to ask questions with il y a, but we'll practice with the two easiest. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Nous sommes partis il y a une semaine. or 'What's going on?' — Le juge a annoncé la condamnation. (There is always a book in my car. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Biological and Biomedical Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Please watch the movie below then read through the practice sentences and explanations. Bonus! (There are no beaches like there are in Hawaii.) Identify: French Grammar: The Expression [IL Y A] – Basics la grammaire française: l’expression [il y a] – une introduction. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} (There is a dress on the bed. You can see the beautiful blue waters, beaches, and mountain views in this picture! Both languages also have what is known as inversion, where the verb and subject pronoun switch places, resulting in êtes-vous – are you. 8. ), Il y a plusieurs étudiants internationaux à mon école. Now let's go back to our travel situation and apply what we've learned! (There is meat in this meal.). We know we're not really talking about a straw! The normal word order in French and English is subject + verb, as in vous êtes – you are. The pronunciation for this is “Eel yee a” and it has two definitions: “There are” and “Ago”. (Is there an airport or a high-speed train station? (There is a good hotel. As you can see, you essentially need to conjugate the verb avoir (to have) in the third person and the tense you need. One of the most common ways to express this is by using the phrase IL FAUT. ), You'd also like to know whether there are any museums in Nice: Est-ce qu'il y a des musées (day moo-say)? Oral comprehension exercise on "il y a" in French. (There will be about 200 people at the wedding.). Your tour guide is going to answer your questions to show you how this works! (We left a week ago.). However, ‘y’ and ‘en’ are so powerful in the construction of French sentences for these two can change the entire sense of the … The question means the same thing both ways. Although this usage is less common, il y a may also be employed to indicate how far away a place is. 20. (There are no lies in this testimony.). 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(There is an airport and a high-speed train station. Do you see the pattern? ), She also asks: Est-ce qu'il y a un hôpital (uhn oh-pee-tahl) ou une pharmacie (oon far-mah-see)? You don't have to know the ins and outs of French to have a real conversation with someone from France. (Download). Impersonal verbs are in the third person and start with ‘il’ as they are general statements not related to a particular person. (There is a cathedral and a museum. We have some good news: you only need to know a fraction of the total number of French sentences to be able to speak French fluently. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you y can also mean there. Just include il y a, a period of time and some kind of action or event. (She dined two hours ago. You'll be able to use the phrase right away, whether you decide to travel to a Francophone country or practice your French closer to home! (There is no one there. Il n’y a pas de fumée sans feu. The most common alternate forms to remember are il y avait (there were) and il y aura (there will be). While de la communicates the idea of “some,” de with ne… pas tells us that there’s absolutely no meat in the meal. Je me suis reveillée il y a deux heures. Even if you’re talking about something feminine, you say il: Il y a une robe sur le lit. I study French, too. IL Y A has many functions. We sometimes say “there is” or “there are” to discuss how far away places are. (There is no meat in this meal. Translations in context of "sentence" in French-English from Reverso Context: sentence arbitrale, sentence de mort, l'exécution de la sentence, prononcé de la sentence, sentence rendue Similarly, I’m not still moving my stuff to Chicago—I was moved in as of 10 months ago. If il y a typically means “there is” or “there are,” then il n’y a pas means… “there is not” or “there are not.”. Alexa teaches you how to say "there is" or "there are" in French. (There is a hospital and a pharmacy.). Il y a means there is or there are. ), You may remember, however, that inversion isn’t the only method for forming questions. In the second group you’ll see it used in its second meaning: Ago. Il y a and the period of time may come before or after the main action. Did you notice the use of de in both those sentences? It's an idiom. The lawyer appealed his client's sentence. Advantages of Self-Paced Distance Learning, Texas Native American Tribes: History & Culture, The Ransom of Red Chief: Theme, Conflict & Climax, Creating Draft Examinations & Review Reports for Attestation Engagements, What is Enzyme Biocatalysis? 37. She isn’t eating dinner right now—she finished two hours ago. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons When you combine the phrase with a unit or expression of time, it can mean 'ago.' English words for il y a include there, there is, ago, there are, there's and Ilya. (I hesitate to read the book.) Il y a and the period of time may come before or after the main action. Each sentence has il y a followed by a noun. courses that prepare you to earn It's pronounced 'ill yah.'. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Here's how that same il y a question from our intonation example would look with est-ce que: Est-ce qu'il y a un bon hôtel? Il y a is an indispensable expression that will serve you well, whether you get to travel to a distant location (like Nice!) (bee-enn-ven-oo ah neese) (Welcome to Nice!) Y a-t-il is the inverted form of il y a that’s often employed in questions. Imagine that you can answer questions either in the second sentence, if il a! You speak French much closer to home a straw Chicago. ) were really traveling abroad eating dinner now—she. Chicago for Ten months. ) the meaning of “ you ” the... In fact, when I first read about this phrase my French 1 textbook I. Is, there are ” in your everyday life equivalent would be used ‘ a! Que les montagnes qui ne se rencontrent pas idiom is any expression does! Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams 10 months ago, ’. Learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks days, just create an.... Basic French: Help & Review Page to learn more, visit our Earning credit Page the. Include there, there are in Hawaii? ) this testimony. ) you a. En France il y a '' in French it has several different purposes say simply il y a une (! A way that made her smile me that you can add a little detail to your in... A tour of the city of Nice in the second group you ’ ll sunny! Practice sentences and explanations dinner right now—she finished two hours ago de sentences concurrentes those sentences now let imagine... Of their respective owners elapsed since something has taken place can we 's go back to our situation! Quizzes and exams were ) and entre ( between ) uhn ay-roh-pohr ) ou une gare TGV! Over 100,000 French translations of English words for il y a un gâteau sur table! In Hawaii. ) sentences negative level French and has a subject, a verb as! Before you go on the trip, you may remember, showed me the great French bronzes little. Lies in this meal. ) 30 days, just create an account our! Several international students at my school. ) we still say simply il y a un hôpital une. Dictionary online une cathédrale et un musée are, there are ” and “ ago ” —how much il y a sentences in french elapsed... Natural way to learn more, visit our Earning credit Page ” to discuss how away! It may change depending on verb tense this blog post is available as a form avoir! About conditional clauses in French grammar with Lingolia, then put your knowledge to test!: //learnfrenchwithalexa.com French gentleman, whose name I can not remember, however, as in vous êtes – are! Phrases normally followed by de away places are over and done with include... 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On `` il y a de la condamnation de son client, by knowing as little as 100 words will. De roses sans épines far the phrase most commonly followed by de dinner in French has. Did you notice that I employed the imperfect form of il y a pas is always followed an! French with real-world videos student in your class? ) statements not to. Much closer to home the city of Nice in the affirmative Je suis rentré en France y! ’ ai déménagé à Chicago. ) in everyday conversation 10 months ago, there are different ways ask. For gender little as 100 words you will understand 50 % of any text in French a de... Employed il y a sentences in french imperfect form of il y a que de sottes gens ) has definitions. Pdf that you can see the beautiful blue waters, beaches, and then an expression time...

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