2. The great philosophers of the period discussed a great variety of matters including the value of literature of society and its nature and functions. The literary critic, therefore, is primarily an expert who uses his special faculty and training to examine the merits and defects of a piece of literary art or the work of … For understanding literary criticism, we first need to drive home the concept of literature which is best not defined on the basis of whether it can be imaginative or fictional. Arnold's criticism usually involved poetry; his support of literary criticism greatly influenced the literary world, building a new appreciation for its practice. Disclaimer ISBN 1–4039–4679–5 (cloth) 1. The primary function of literary criticism is to interpret literature in a way that will increase understanding, according to the English department of Georgia Perimeter College. By assessing literary devices, metaphors, similes, social norms and societal interpretations in literature from a given period, you can learn a lot about that period as well as about its society. With respect to this theory, literature falls under th… 3. 3. Note limiters: Peer-reviewed journals and Literature & Writing. Judicial “Criticism”, says W.B. The overall functions of literary criticism are not easily compartmentalized. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. What is Johnson’s ‘Doctrinal Classicism’? 4. The Functions of Literary Criticism. Within recent years, however, the distinction has been forced into prominence by various students of literature, who setting the two functions in opposition, have more or less consistently maintained the thesis that the critic’s chief duty is exposition, even if he is ever warranted in venturing beyond exposition into questions of taste and valuation. He thought that poetry founded on amoral or indifferent beliefs was counterproductive and rebellious to life itself. to conclude good qualities and the defects in the works of literature. Reader-response criticism is a school of literary theory that focuses on the reader (or “audience”) and their experience of a literary work, in contrast to other schools and theories that focus attention primarily on the author or the content and form of the work.. Read More. I. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Short notes on the trends in modem criticism, Get complete information on Literary Criticism, What is significance of Wordsworth’s literary criticism in his age, What was the nature of literary criticism during naughty nineties, General characteristics of the literary criticism of 18th century. p. cm. Poetic modes are identified according to their means of imitation, the actions they imitate, the manner of imitation, and its effects. Critics let us know if a movie is worth spending our hard-earned money to see in a theater or whether we can wait for it on cable or even if we can skip the film all together. As a tool in literary studies, critic plays an important role in doing studies or analysis about literary work. The Function of CRITICISM Judgment : In its strict sense, criticism means judgment. Citing Aristotle, Arnold believed that poetry was more valid than historical accounts because it was created as an emotional reaction to events instead of being a subjective report. We read film reviews in our daily newspapers, television reviews in weekly blogs and, of course, book reviews in magazines. Originally published in Eliot’s own literary review, the Criterion, and later collected in Selected Essays in 1932, “The Function of Criticism,” along with “The Frontiers of Criticism” (1956) and “To Criticize the Critic” (1961), provides a cogent commentary on what Eliot sees to be the purpose of literary criticism, as opposed to its application to individual texts and authors or as a platform for mounting … Through th… Understanding Meaning. It is important for every writer to understand literary criticism so that he can improve the way he communicates directly and indirectly. Literary criticism offers a variety of perspectives for the study of the Gospels, for in the history of criticism different views of the reference, role and function of literature have guided the work of criticism. Discover History. The essay The Function of Criticism at the Present Time was published by Matthew Arnold in his first collection of critical writing ‘ Essays in Criticism ’ in 1865. 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