What is the relationship between sexual orientation or gender identity and homelessness for late adolescents in foster care? Kennesaw State University. In quantitative studies, it is common to use graphs, tables, charts, and other non-textual elements to help the reader understand the data. But are your definition and the student’s definition the same? "Writing a Quantitative Research Thesis. Colorado State University; Singh, Kultar. Qualitative Studies in Social Work Research will also be of interest to practitioners looking for empirically-based insights. Effective at doing what? Probably the easiest questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions. The guidelines for research questions previously described in this chapter still apply, but there are some new elements to qualitative research questions that are not present in quantitative questions. Things to keep in mind when reporting the results of a study using quantiative methods: NOTE:  When using pre-existing statistical data gathered and made available by anyone other than yourself [e.g., government agency], you still must report on the methods that were used to gather the data and describe any missing data that exists and, if there is any, provide a clear explanation why the missing datat does not undermine the validity of your final analysis. 2nd ed. Because we are only conducting exploratory research on a topic, we may not have an idea of what concepts may comprise our “outcomes” or “factors.” Only after interacting with our participants will we be able to understand which concepts are important. Maybe there is a particular model to fighting homelessness, like Housing First or transitional housing that you want to investigate further. Quantitative research demands focus and precision from the researcher. Quantitative research focuses on numberic and unchanging data and detailed, convergent reasoning rather than divergent reasoning [i.e., the generation of a variety of ideas about a research problem in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner]. A descriptive study is governed by the following rules: subjects are generally measured once; the intention is to only establish associations between variables; and, the study may include a sample population of hundreds or thousands of subjects to ensure that a valid estimate of a generalized relationship between variables has been obtained. Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. Get more specific. While reading the table, keep in mind that I have only noted what I view to be the most relevant strengths and weaknesses of each question. The topic concerning the nature of social work research questions has two parts: what constitutes a researchquestion, and what makes it a social workquestion. It is important that one of those variables is an independent variable (IV). Perhaps you want to study the effect of a specific anti-homelessness program that you found in the literature. Thus, when considering one’s next research project, here is a simplified rule of thumb to guide the development of a research design: A descriptive study establishes only associations between variables; an experimental study establishes causality. Dissertations that are based on a quantitative research design attempt to answer at least one quantitative research question.In some cases, these quantitative research questions will be followed by either research hypotheses or null hypotheses.However, this article focuses solely on quantitative research questions. Make sure that non-textual elements do not stand in isolation from the text but are being used to supplement the overall description of the results and to help clarify key points being made. What outcome should the program or intervention have? 2nd edition. Introduction Researcher has a clearly defined research question to which objective answers are sought. Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS. 10+ Quantitative Research Examples. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. Broad questions like “What are the causes of chronic homelessness, and what can be done to prevent it?” are common at the beginning stages of a research project. Quantitative descriptive questions will often ask for percentage, count the number of instances of a phenomenon, or determine an average. Effective, Effectiveness, Useful, Efficient. Babbie, Earl R. The Practice of Social Research. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage, 2010; Muijs, Daniel. Quantitative descriptive questions like this one are helpful in social work practice as part of community scans, in which human service agencies survey the various needs of the community they serve. In qualitative research, you may create open-ended research questions, while in quantitative analysis, you can only create closed questions such as questions that are answerable with multiple choices. Examples of quantitative research questions in social work Friday the 18th Gabriel The lovesong of j alfred prufrock analysis essay rubrics for research papers high school gandhi ji essay in english essay free scholarships. Quantitative research deals in numbers, logic, and an objective stance. Some research articles omit a statement of purpose and state only research questions, but in many cases researchers use research questions to add greater specificity to a global purpose statement. What are the internal and external effects/problems associated with children witnessing domestic violence? Reduced symptoms of a mental health issue? Its main characteristics are: The inverse can also be true. At this very beginning point in your social work course, and in groups of four, design a quantitative research study that proposes to answer a social work–related research question of your choice. Quantitative research designs are either. Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques.Quantitative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon. Research question: How does an increase in physical exercise result in a decrease in potential heart diseases? Better socialization? Certainly each question may have additional strengths and weaknesses not noted in the table. Among the social work problems examined are isolation of the chronically ill, child welfare, sexual abuse, and what happens when the homeless apply for welfare. Discussions should be analytic, logical, and comprehensive. Make yourself a cup of coffee and consider our advice. It covers the following information: Methodology For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Applications. How does witnessing domestic violence impact a child’s romantic relationships in adulthood? Or, the student could have a broader view of household tasks, one that encompasses childcare, food preparation, financial management, home repair, and care for relatives. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage, 2010; Brians, Craig Leonard et al. Los Angeles, CA: Sage, 2007. All aspects of the study are carefully designed before data is collected. By the end of this post, you will have a perfect social work research topic or at least a clear way to devise it. Research Questions in Quantitative Studies. In Chapter 2, we discussed clinical foreground questions to guide an EBP inquiry. A participant in their study may think that managing finances and performing home maintenance are household tasks, but the researcher may be interested in other tasks like childcare or cleaning. Quantitative research question Example No. Quantitative descriptive questions. Instead, social work is an ideology committed discipline in which practitioners and researchers have a duty to promote justice and improve welfare. Quantitative data is easier to measure using statistical analysis, because you can (usually) assign numeric values and directly compare different answers to the same questions. To do that, we need to use a quantitative explanatory question. Therefore, there is need for students and social work practitioners to undertake a lot of research in this area of study. The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. The discussion should be presented in the present tense. Impact of Social … International Journal of Educational Science 1 (2009): 19-32; Ouyang, Ronghua (John). We aren’t trying to build a causal relationship here. Babbie, Earl R. The Practice of Social Research. Why is that? Department of Biology. To give you more understanding of quantitative research, refer to the following examples. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. Quantitative research questions are generally used to set the scene for an entire study or industry report. Effectiveness is meaningless on its own. The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. Black, Thomas R. Doing Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences: An Integrated Approach to Research Design, Measurement and Statistics. The concept of empowerment allows social work researchers, particularly qualitative researchers, to work towards these goals via their research. Bates College; Nenty, H. Johnson. The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. But all research questions should be focused, specific, appropriately complex, and relevant to a social or scholarly issue. The data is usually gathered using structured research instruments. Quantitative questions are easier to measure and easier for survey takers to answer. Sharpe, 2008; Quantitative Research Methods. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. The methods section of a quantitative study should describe how each objective of your study will be achieved. Quantitative research designs are either descriptive [subjects usually measured once] or experimental [subjects measured before and after a treatment]. Let’s take a look at a few more examples of possible research questions and consider the relative strengths and weaknesses of each. If you recall from Chapter 7, explanatory research tries to build nomothetic causal relationships. Qualitative questions will tell you Why. In this question, the independent variable is less clearly written, but the dependent variable, family preservation outcomes, is quite clearly written. Quantitative research question Example No. Contain an independent and a dependent variable. Structurally, quantitative explanatory questions must contain an independent variable and dependent variable. Missed the LibreFest? Department of Biology. What causes and effects are important, based on the literature in your topic area? Indiana University Northwest Indiana University Northwest IU Northwest, This page is courtesy of University of Southern California: http://libguides.usc.edu/content.php?pid=83009&sid=615867. 12th ed. If someone is proposing to conduct an exploratory quantitative project, the watch words highlighted in Table 8.2 are not problematic at all. 12th ed. Department of English, Indiana University of Pennsylvania; Hopkins, Will G. “Quantitative Research Design.” Sportscience 4, 1 (2000); A Strategy for Writing Up Research Results. If you’ve only read one or two articles on the topic, it can be hard to know what you are interested in studying. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merril Prentice Hall, 2003; Hector, Anestine. Any option is probably okay, as long as the researcher is clear on what they mean by “household tasks.”. 2: This sample Social Work Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. Not specific and clear about the concepts it addresses. Types of quantitative research question. 10+ Quantitative Research Examples. Research objective: To determine the relationship between physical exercise and heart diseases. The discussion should meld together your findings in relation to those identified in the literature review, and placed within the context of the theoretical framework underpinning the study. Basic Inquiry of Quantitative Research. The editorial board of a journal wants to make sure their content will be useful to as many people as possible, so it’s not surprising that quantitative research dominates the academic literature. the most important indicators of a quality social work PhD program. Because these are descriptive questions, we cannot investigate causal relationships between variables. For example, “What is the average student debt load of MSW students?” is a descriptive question—and an important one. They are also harder for survey-takers to answer and can cause survey fatigue. The dichotomy between qualitative and quantitative research in social work methods exists in the types of questions each is able to answer. Quantitative descriptive questions. Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the, Your goal in conducting quantitative research study is to determine the relationship between one thing [an independent variable] and another [a dependent or outcome variable] within a population. Data are in the form of numbers and statistics, often arranged in tables, charts, figures, or other non-textual forms. Probably the easiest questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions. The results are based on larger sample sizes that are representative of the population. A QUANTITATIVE STUDY: ON SOCIAL WORKERS’ AWARENESS IN IDENTIFYING HUMAN TRAFFICKED VICTIMS A Project Presented to the Faculty of California State University, San Bernardino In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Social Work by Gracie Raya Wangsnes June 2014 This guide is for the online class S371 taught by Jill Chonody. In exploratory research, the researcher doesn’t quite know the lay of the land yet. How to structure quantitative research questions. Probably the easiest questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions. Social Work is an essential component in our day to day life. Try to choose one or a handful that you consider to be the most important. Don’t assume that your reader understands what you mean by “and so forth.”, Describe how research questions for exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory quantitative questions differ and how to phrase them, Identify the differences between and provide examples of strong and weak explanatory research questions. [ "article:topic", "license:ccbyncsa", "showtoc:no", "authorname:mdecarlo" ]. My standard format for an explanatory quantitative research question is: “What is the relationship between [independent variable] and [dependent variable] for [target population]?” You should play with the wording for your research question, revising it as you see fit. Descriptive questions may only include one variable, such as ours about debt load, or they may include multiple variables. Table 8.1 does just that. Evaluation research is closely related to but slightly different from more conventional social research. There is no "one best way" to structure a quantitative research question. They are extremely large scale and can be sent out to almost anyone, most people have participated in a survey in their lifetime. How does race impact rates of mental health diagnosis for children in foster care? Quantitative questions will result in data that is easy to convert into objective, numbers-based analysis. Before designing a quantitative research study, you must decide whether it will be descriptive or experimental because this will dictate how you gather, analyze, and interpret the results. Skip to content. Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques. London: SAGE Publications, 2010. Qualitative Research Question Types. Quantitative descriptive questions are helpful for community scans but cannot investigate causal relationships between variables. The full list of items/indicators spanned the realms of research, teaching, social work as a discipline, and program resources. An experimental design includes subjects measured before and after a particular treatment, the sample population may be very small and purposefully chosen, and it is intended to establish causality between variables. In fact, questions such as “What factors influence the removal of children in child welfare cases?” are good because they will explore a variety of factors or causes. Quantitative explanatory questions must include an independent and dependent variable. R. and Peter Airasain. Results "Writing a Quantitative Research Thesis." In this research method, researchers and statisticians deploy mathematical frameworks and … The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. A good research question should also be specific and clear about the concepts it addresses. 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